call progress indicators, 38 call progress tone, voice port configuration, call calculating payback period, – carriers (PBX systems),– CAS. Question 1) I was looking at example from Official Press http:// This book is designed to provide information about CCNA Voice. Every effort . author to produce a lab book for the CCNA Voice certification. I owe her even.

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Something else I find significant is that Cisco started to tweak the objectives of the exam during the course of this exam number and accordingly changed the questions that were in the exam pool. History of the CCNA Certification Given that you are about to take on the challenge of obtaining your Cisco CCNA certification, you probably should know a little about the history of how it came about and how it evolved.

The first way was the tradition single exam which is now called the composite exam. Frame Relay — Still on the exam for large networks that span multiple cdna locations.

Now we mentioned Cisco was now providing you a few different options to obtain your CCNA certification. Most of you probably have no idea what I am even talking about.

Access-Lists — 40-461 access-list configuration was covered. Well, at least in theory. Do you remember what a MAU was? Honestly at this time, most people in the computer networking space simply overlooked this certification as being irrelevant at the time. As before, we will first note what was removed from the exam which was formally SDM, Wireless, and Security as mentioned above. Cisco Switch Wireless — This is just being touched on the very basics in this revision of the exam.

Classless routing including VLSMs — now we are making subnetting really hard and interesting. We 46-461 had one switch to share between the whole class of 12 students!

CCNA Voice Certification | ICOMM 8

This helped to keep the question pool fresh. Then in late we had some significant changes and the exam was introduced.

460-416 is significant to note that there were initially no changes to the exam objectives. ISDN — Remember the days of thinking how fast two 56kbps modems basically bundled together were? Finally to and the new CCNA exam.


Back in these days when I achieved my CCNA, the classroom I sat in each student had one router and we had to partner up with another student to see routes propagate between our routers.

OSI Model — The foundation of how data travels up and down the data stack and allows for inter-operability. So this was one of the core topics you would cover on the exam. I think that is pretty impressive given how quickly things are obsolete today. The composite ccnq consisted of questions and 90 minutes to complete them all. You may note how they incremented from the previous, numbering system and jumped up to signifying a revamped exam. But that will soon change and we will discuss that shortly.

So fast forward two vocie to and exam They also decreased the number of questions on the exam from 60 to 70 to 55 to 65 questions per exam. 460-61 — An older fixed 53 byte cell technology using virtual circuits.


Switch Security — Again, as security is concern, Cisco starts to hammer this home on the exam. Binary-Hex-Decimal Conversions — Although you still need to know binary to decimal conversions to be proficient in subnetting, the hexidecimal conversions were dropped.

This was a single exam and the exam 46-461 was I have no idea why so many other articles state the first exam was At this time of the Cisco certification evolution, passing either of the exams did not earn ccha candidate any type of certification. Some of the fringe technologies change here and there, but nothing earth shattering. Troubleshooting — To marry up with the CCNP revisions that will be introduced about a year later, Cisco starts to introduce the concept of knowing how to troubleshoot a device and not just set it up.

We will see that viice later. It was seems that Cisco beefed up the Switching portion of the exam a little bit in this revision.

Security Device Manager SDM — Which was a grapical interface to configure your router so you did not have to learn the command line. In the two exam format, there are 60 minutes in length 460–461 instead of 90 minutes for the single, composite exam.


The CCIE certification was aimed at those hardcore networking geeks in the early days coice corporate networking. Well, that is what they were selling at the time. Security — Cisco starts to introduce the concept of Security as hacking is becoming more of a corporate concern.

We will touch on this more in a bit. If you do not understand this, you will not pass the exam.

History of the CCNA Certification –

Now what did they add to the CCNA exam? So if you take your time and really 460461 and learn the CCNA objectives, it will be something you will be able to use for a long, long time in your computer networking career. Static Routing — Still cccna base concept you must understand to be a successful network engineer.

You would receive this certification when you passed your ICND1 exam. Due to the simulation questions, Cisco increased the time allocated for the exam from 75 minutes to 90 minutes. Cisco Switch Voicw reason we are covering what was on the initial exam to the current day exam is so you can see that the core of the CCNA exam has been relatively unchanged in 15 years!

But what changed was Cisco was trying to eliminate the brain dump sites that were starting to pop up. Vouce we will look at the items that were on the initial exam and that still reside on the current exam so you can see the core has not changed that much.

Simply Cisco removed ISDN from the exam format and updated the router platform to the routers and series switches. Cisco Router and Cisco Switch Why did they update the router and ccan platform?