Cross-Cultural Themes Series. Author, Peter T. Furst. Edition, illustrated, reprint. Publisher, Chandler & Sharp, ISBN, , Hallucinogens and Culture has 34 ratings and 1 review. Blair said: A guy who works at Loui’s gave me this book when he saw I was reading Terence McKenna . HALLUCINOGENS AND CULTURE by PETER T. FURST. San. Francisco: Chandler & Sharp Publishers, Inc., pp. $ Reviewed by William.

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They are the result of amination of the essential oils of nutmeg. However, I suspect that until a holistic perspective, integrating anthropology, biology, and psychology, has become so fully accepted by the general public no less than the drug-research, lawmaking, hallucinogems law-enforcement establishment as to be second nature, resort to any but officially approved or commercially touted drugs to alter consciousness will always be perceived as objectionable.

Largely because of public or official hysteria over recreational marihuana use, medical demand for Cannabis extracts was until recently very low, but beginning in there has been a sharp upturn in experimental use of Cannabis as medication for a variety of disorders, including alcoholism, heroin and amphetamine dependence, emotional disturbance, and even glaucoma.

Despite the work of generations of scholars, from anthropologists and ethnobotanists to pharmacologists and psychiatrists, then, it seems cultur though in our social policies we have not advanced very far beyond the superstitious fulminations of sixteenth-century Spanish Inquisitors in Mexico and their particular means for dealing with a core element of traditional Indian religion, one they feared and abhorred as the Devil’s own handiwork but also one that, if Weil and other students of consciousness hallucinogrns right, is inseparable from the human condition itself.

As an example, when the Huichol peyote pilgrim finally arrives in Wirikuta, the sacred country in the north-central Mexican desert where he or she is to harvest the hallucinogenic cactus, he has already traveled some miles from his homeland traditionally on footand he is physically close to exhaustion.

The paste is rolled out between the palms of culturr hands and modeling is done with the fingers. At the very least they would have created the proper mind-set to receive and interpret such visions.

Hallucinogens and Culture (Chandler & Sharp series in cross-cultural themes)

It is in fact no exaggeration to state that practically everything we know cultute of the botany, taxonomy, chemistry, and even anthropology of the ritual hallucinogens of South America ultimately had its genesis in the work of the modern ethno-botanists— from the Yorkshireman plant explorer Richard Spruce to Harvard’s Richard Evans Schultes.

On the contrary, it probably served a greater variety of sacred purposes than any other plant in the New World, among its most important and virtually universal functions anf that of divine sustenance for the gods, mainly hallucinogems the form of smoke; it also served as an indispensable adjunct of shamanic curing, primarily as a supernaturally charged fumigant but sometimes also as a panacea.

Among these alkaloids, the tryptamines are the most important hallucinogens Schultes,a.

No psychoactive properties have been reported, but the mushroom has not been studied ethnobotanically or chemically. I must read about flying reindeer. But there is some significant new information on the genus Cannabis that has not been widely disseminated.


Then, after more songs have been sung, the pipes receive names. Book by Furst, Peter T.

Self-mutilation is depicted in the ritual art of different pre-Hispanic cultures and periods, from about BC to the Conquest, and bloodletting rites that must have inflicted severe pain including perforation of the penis, tongue, and other organs with cactus thorns, stingray barbs, and other sharp instruments are described in the early ethnohistoric literature on Maya and central Mexican customs.

And yet, objectively, the chemistry of these drugs differs little from that of the sacred plants of the tribal world, LSD being similar to the natural alkaloids in morning-glory seeds, while dimethyltryptamines are prominent in the hallucinogenic snuffs of South American Indians.

In many cases this view involves employing tobacco to attain precisely the kinds of mystical states, or the characteristically shamanistic ecstatic trance, that we commonly associate only with the better recognized vegetal hallucinogens. The movement toward decriminalization of Cannabis use received a major boost in with the publication of Ganja in Jamaica, by Vera Rubin and Lambros Comitasahd medical anthropological study of chronic marihuana use sponsored by the Center for Studies of Narcotic and Drug Abuse, National Institute of Mental Health.

Lamarck suggested as early as that the content of the intoxicating principle was higher in Cannabis indica than in C.

Hallucinogens and Culture by Peter T. Furst

Hallucinogens And The Sacred Deer Bibliography i Preface It is hoped that the following pages will demonstrate something of the essential interplay between nature and culture— between chemistry, mind set, and social and historical setting— in the use of hallucinogenic plants and other psychoactive substances by different peoples the world xulture.

On the other hand. Lists with This Book. Carmen Bel rated it it was amazing Jan 04, Even for Indian Mexico or Amazonia, whose extensive psychoactive pharmacopoeia has been relatively well studied, we still do not know the identity of every species used in native ritual, prehistorically or at present, nor do we as yet fully understand the pharmacological or cultural role of additives to plants of hallcinogens or suspected psychoactivity.

In addition, norepenephrine in the brain has been found to correspond structurally to caffeic acid, derived from chemicals found in several plants, including coffee beans and potatoes.

He ballucinogens thus already at a very different level of consciousness, so much so that it is not necessary for him to be under the influence of the peyote alkaloids to perceive the plant in its animal form when the leader of the pilgrimage exclaims, at the sight of the very first cactus: Whatever the personal and social damage of heroin addiction and its functional relationship to street crime and corruption, there is a demonstrable correlation between drinking and many thousands of annual highway deaths, as well as homicide, child abuse, and other violence, with a total social cost immeasurably higher than that attributable to heroin.

Hallucinogfns there seems to have been at least an element of incipient intoxication fulture shamanistic smoking in many Indian societies of North and South America, and real tobacco intoxication, to the point of a radical altering of consciousness or psychedelic trance, was certainly of considerable importance in the ecstatic complex of the New World as a whole.

If the enemas of the ancient Maya were, like those of Peruvian Indians, intoxicating or hallucinogenic, they might have been compounds of fermented balche honey meaditself a very sacred beverage, fortified with tobacco or with morning- glory-seed infusions. There may be as many as 45 different species of tobacco, most of them the result of cultivation, but only a few achieved wide pre-European dissemination.

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As a result of this newly discovered scene, archaeologist M. Kalyn rated it liked it Aug 27, Malcolm X, for example, describes his prison experience with nutmeg intoxication in his Autobiography In the words of Columbia University archaeologist Ralph S.

Some cculture of the Bwiti cult mix alan and eboka. These seeds contain, like Genista canariensis, a nineteenth-century import from the Canary Islands whose small yellow flowers are now ritually smoked by Yaqui shamans in northern Mexico, a highly toxic quinolizidine alkaloid called cytisine. The hallucinogenic properties themselves can be ascribed to two broad groups— nitrogenous and non-nitrogenous xnd.

Pope in Culyure Botany also contains much valuable ethnobotanical and historic fursy. All across the continent, from the small-scale societies of tropical-forest manioc planters and hunters and collectors of wild foods to the complex civilization of the Incas in the Andes, the early explorers and missionaries found the drug-induced ecstatic trance— what we now call transformation of consciousness— to be an integral aspect of shamanistic religion.

From a strictly botanical point of view, one would have expected the reverse to be true: He has eaten virtually nothing and little or no water has quenched his thirst. The pottery vessel that will hold the liquid is a ceremonial object symbolizing the maternal womb and the creative process of gestation. These insights, to which Wasson’s work on the sacred fly-agaric of Eurasia and the Mesoamerican mushrooms made no small contribution, have since been enlarged, in print and in the numerous public and private discussions which over the past several years have brought together some of us in related and complementary fields.

Syvaya rated it liked it Mar 31, While he calls MDA the “drug of analysis,” capable of returning the patient deep into his troubling past far more quickly than is usual with traditional psychoanalysis and less traumatically than with LSD, MMDA induces ecstatic or peak experiences of the here and now, again without the temporary disintegration of personality and other drastic psychic effects that often accompany the use of LSD in psychotherapy, creating instead In the New World, in contrast, the ancestral lifeway of hunting and food gathering, and the religious beliefs and rituals adapted to this lifeway, persisted in time and space to a far greater extent than in the Old; and moreover, the fundamental shamanistic base was much better preserved, even in the agricultural religions of the great civilizations that rose in Mesoamerica and the Andes, as well as of simpler farming societies.

May 23, Blair rated it it was amazing Shelves: Be the first to ask a question about Hallucinogens and Culture.